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Single Article: A Counterfactual Analysis of Fiscal Decentralization in Small Countries: The Case of Mauritius

Author: SHYAM NATH AND LARRY SCHROEDER
Published in PFM, Vol. 7 No. 2

Local government autonomy may be less significant in very small island counties, due to lack of spatial variations in citizen-voters’ preferences. A counterfactual analysis is performed to test efficiency of local expenditure in a small country environment by incorporating the idea of a new institutional arrangement. Empirical analysis utilizing Mauritian data lends support to superiority of local government over central government in providing local services despite very small country size. This result is robust even when the central government is modeled to provide non-uniform local services to recognize spatial variation in preferences. Thus, voter support for local government even in very small countries is rational.

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