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The Effect of Flexibility in Working Hours on Fertility: A Comparative Analysis of Selected European Countries

PFM, Vol. 5 No. 1, (2005)

The main aim of this paper is to measure the extent to which part-time work
enhances fertility for married or cohabiting women of fertile age. The study covers
eleven European countries. The data used are a pool sample of five waves of the
European Community Household Panel. Given that we believe that the decisions
concerning fertility and labor market status are taken jointly, we carry out a
simultaneous estimation approach.
Results suggest that policy makers wishing to implement adequate part-time
schedules so as to enhance fertility should look at the part-time schedules available
in Belgium, Ireland and the Netherlands, which enhance fertility for women who
take advantage of this flexibility measure so as to reconcile family and work.

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